Content of the material
The operating system deployment process
Configuration Manager provides several methods that you can use to deploy an operating system. There are several actions that you must take regardless of the deployment method that you use:
Identify Windows device drivers that are required to start the boot image or install the operating system image that you have to deploy.
Identify the boot image that you want to use to start the destination computer.
Use a task sequence to capture an image of the operating system that you will deploy. Alternatively, you can use a default operating system image.
Distribute the boot image, operating system image, and any related content to a distribution point.
Create a task sequence with the steps to deploy the boot image and the operating system image.
Deploy the task sequence to a collection of computers.
Monitor the deployment.
During Windows installation, there is a prompt to ensure that one’s date, time and region are set. This is due to the fact that there are different time zones and regions and therefore one should make sure one is properly conversant with all these aspects. Make sure one is aware of the time zone one’s country is in. If the installation is on a home-based machine, the time should be the same but if the machine is office-based, one may need to double check especially if the machine is used in different offices. Language settings must also be adjusted with the Windows operating system giving a wide range of languages to choose from. For instance, do not choose English if one are not conversant with it.
Type of installations
Creating image: One should know that this task basically requires the installer to come up with a windows operating system that is a cloned by taking an existing OS version and make sector copies of everything on the computer.
Unattended installation: Unattended installation is one that is quite common in large organizations. This is a type of installation where the IT expert or installer must not be present so as to respond to the numerous prompts that come during the installation. In this case, one should create a unattend.xml file which will undergo the whole process owing to the fact that it already has all the answers to all questions and responses to all prompts. One should customize the xml file in one’s windows installation media and the installation will run all by itself without the intervention of any individual.
Upgrade: In-place upgrade is a type of OS installation where the installation begins with the presence of the previous operating system. Once it identifies the existence of an existing operating system, it automatically makes an upgrade to the latest version without altering any applications or files present.
Clean install: Clean installation is a kind of OS installation that is far much different from in-place upgrade. This is because clean installation means erasing of every file in the computer. In this case, it calls for backup of the important files so as to avoid losing them. An external hard disk can serve this purpose well or even a cloud backup. Such an installation erases all documents and all configured personal settings. One should therefore move such items to a separate drive prior to installation so as to avert losing them.
Repair installation: A repair installation is one that normally takes place in instances where the Operating system files are corrupted or damaged probably because of a bad hard drive section, a virus or Trojan attack among many others. Once the windows installation starts up, one should see some options prompting for a repair installation. Here, one installs the operating system files again without making any configuration changes or hard drive modifications. Such an installation simply means repairing operating system files present on the windows version.
Multiboot: At times, one may desire to install a new operating system version without having to do away with the old or existing operating system. In such a case, one should be in a position to support a Multiboot configuration also known as dual boot configuration. In this configuration, one should have two different operating systems in two distinct hard drive partitions. With this kind of configuration, there is always a prompt that one should see on start-up asking one which operating system one would like to run either the new one or old one. For instance, one can have windows seven and windows eight both in one’s computer. In case one wants to change over to the other operating system, one should just restart one’s computer.
Remote network installation: Remote network installation is another magnificent way of installing an OS. This especially comes into place where physical media is not required during the installation. One should put all one’s windows installation files and configurations in a network drive. The Pre-boot Execution Environment allows one’s system to run onto the network and access all the installation files on the network drive. In this kind of installation, one should have a single centralized server to undertake all the installation.
Image deployment: This simply involves cloning the particular OS image to another PC if there is need for the machine to be deployed. On start-up, one should realize that the windows information is similar to that of the old system and hence one must not go through the installation program when bringing up a computer onto the network.
Why Bother Dual-Booting?
Different operating systems have different uses and advantages. Having more than one operating system installed allows you to quickly switch between two and have the best tool for the job. It also makes it easier to dabble and experiment with different operating systems.
For example, you could have both Linux and Windows installed, using Linux for development work and booting into Windows when you need to use Windows-only software or play a PC game. If you like Windows 7 but want to try out Windows 8.1, you could install Windows 8.1 alongside Windows 7 and choose between the two at boot time, knowing you’ll always be able to go back to Windows 7. If you’re using a Mac, you can have Windows installed alongside Mac OS X and boot into it when you need to run Windows-only software.
You could use virtual machine software instead of setting up a dual-boot system, but a dual-boot system lets you actually use both operating systems on your hardware at full, native speed. You don’t have to deal with the overhead of a virtual machine, which is especially bad when it comes to 3D graphics. The downside is you can only use one of your installed operating systems at a time.
Install Windows 7
Windows 7 is one of the easiest-to-install Windows operating systems. You’re only asked a few important questions during the installation—most of the setup process is completely automatic.
Like with other versions of Windows, the "clean" or "custom" method of installing Windows 7 is the smartest way to go, compared to an "upgrade" install or the less common "parallel" install.
This 34-step tutorial will walk you through every individual step of the process.
Operating system images
Operating system images in Configuration Manager are stored in the Windows Imaging (WIM) file format and represent a compressed collection of reference files and folders that are required to successfully install and configure an operating system on a computer. For all operating system deployment scenarios, you must select an operating system image. You can use the default operating system image or build the operating system image from a reference computer that you configure. For more information, see Manage operating system images.
Things to Remember
The VM > Snapshot option is how you “freeze” the current state of the VM so that you can return to that same state again later. You might need to do this if the operating system fails later on, you get lots of viruses that can’t be cleaned, or you simply want to start over from a fresh install.
We recommend making a new snapshot the moment the operating system is fully installed and you get logged in, but before you make any changes to the VM.
However, even after that, consider installing all the operating system updates and any of your necessary programs, like your favorite web browser and antivirus software, Adobe Flash, etc., and then make another snapshot. Restoring the VM back to a state that includes those items will save you time not having to reinstall all of them.
Once the operating system has been installed and is running, go to VM > Settings to adjust any hardware settings you changed or didn’t change from Step 7. Some options are only editable when the virtual machine is off.
At any time when the VMware virtual machine is on, you can shut it down or restart it from the VM > Power menu. This is also how you suspend the VM, which means to pause it so that you can resume at that exact same point the next time you access it. This is different from powering it on from an off state where you have to log back in again, open programs and files, etc.
Step 2: Make a Bootable USB
We will need an empty USB, a computer that already has an operating system installed and a connection to the internet.
1. Plug the USB to the computer that is working.
2. Download the app called Rufus
3. Under the text that says devices, select the USB that we just plugged, if it doesn’t show the USB, make sure that is well plugged, or else it won’t appear on the options. Also, close every single program that you are using, that will help us gain speed in the process, and it will prevent any damages to the USB.
4. Go to the option that says create bootable disk with, and where the picture of the little CD appears, click on it, and now a window will pop up, and look for the ISO image that you downloaded previously.
5. Go to the option new name, and delete the text located there, and write a name for the USB, doesn’t matter what you put there, just remember the name.
6. Click begin, and we wait
7. A text where it says “undergoing process” will change to “task completed successfully”, so we eject the USB and now it’s bootable.
Install the operating system
To install the computer’s operating system using a CD or DVD, you need to configure your computer to boot from the CD/DVD drive. You can change the boot sequence in your BIOS setup, and setting the CD/DVD drive to be the first boot device. Some computers may also allow you to access the boot sequence directly at computer start up, without entering the BIOS, by pressing a specific key on the keyboard. The key to press differs for each computer, but is often the Delete key or one of the function keys.
If the operating system software came on a USB flash drive, you need to configure the computer to boot to a USB device as the first boot device.
Once the computer is configured to boot to the proper device, the computer should load the operating system installation program and guide you through the install process. You will be asked questions along the way for configuration of basic settings, like date and time, user account name, and if you want to enable automatic operating system updates. Go through the installation steps, answering questions and selecting the preferred options.Note
If you are installing a newer version of an operating system that is already on your computer, the installation process should ask if you want to upgrade. If you do not want to install the operating system as an upgrade, you can choose the option to erase the current operating system start fresh. For more information, see: How to erase my hard drive and start over.
Step 4: Enjoy Your New Computer!!
Thanks for using this guide, and we hope that you enjoyed this step by step explanation and that it was easy for you to do every step!!